Pathophysiology II Final 2 of 3

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60 Questions - Developed by: Becky - Developed on: - 9.135 taken - User Rating: 3.67 of 5.0 - 9 Votes

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  • 1
    Beta amyloid protein is a key constituent of a "feature" found in most Alzheimer's patients:
    None of the above
    Nutritional deficiencies
    Nurofibrillary tangles
    Tau protein
    Neuritic plaques
  • 2
    Neurofibrillary tangles are the most often found in particular areas of the CNS such as the:
    Some of the above
    None of the above
    Basal ganglia
  • 3
    Tau protein is a structural support protein for the intracellular structures known as the:
    Golgi apparatus
    None of the above
    Endoplasmic reticulum (rough)
  • 4
    The presence of Alzheimer's dementia is noted in part by decreases in various cognitive abilities such as:
    Recognition of people/places
    Some of the above
    Memory, particularly short-term
    All of the above
  • 5
    Non-vegetative signs of depression include:
    Some of the above
    Feelings of guilt
    All of the above
  • 6
    Exogenous depression can be caused by/is related to:
    Some of the above
    All of the above
    The loss of a close family friend/family member/spouse/child
    Mental/emotional/sexual abuse as a child
    A major, life-threatening health crisis
  • 7
    A bipolar disease "rapid cycler" has cycles that last less than:
    15 days
    1 year
    180 days
    30 days
    90 days
  • 8
    Psychosis is though to be at least partially the result of too much dopaminergic activity at/in the:
    None of the above
    Some of the above
    Cingulate gyrus
  • 9
    Which of the following organs/tissues is/are acted upon by PTH but not by calcitonin in the regulation of Ca++ levels?
    None of the above
    GI tract
    Some of the above
  • 10
    In regards to Ca++ regulation, RANK is located in:
    GI mucosal cells
    The anterior pituary cells
    None of the above
    Some of the above
    Kidney juxtaglomerular cells
  • 11
    In what organ does PTH work to convert calcifediol to calcitriol?
    GI tract
    None of the above
  • 12
    For a person to be diagnosed with "induction insomnia" they need to be consistently not fall asleep within:
    10 min
    5 min
    20 min
    1 hour
    30 min
  • 13
    Historically, the way that we got an insomniac to "sleep" was to increase the activity/influence of:
    Central alpha adrenergic receptors
    GABAa receptors
    None of the above
    Central cholinergic nicotinic receptors
    Serotonergic 5-HT1 receptors
  • 14
    During a "normal" nights sleep, when does the majority of the "REM sleep" occur?
    Within the first 10 minutes after falling asleep
    First 25%
    REM is evenly distributed throughout the duration of sleep
    Last 25%
    Middle 50%
  • 15
    Older hypnotic drugs do not cause a true sleep, but rather a "sleep-like" state (hypnotic). in this state one stage of the normal sleep pattern is lengthened at the expense of all the others. This stage is:
    None of the above
  • 16
    BDZ receptors are located upon certain varieties of the receptor for:
  • 17
    "Powder burn" spots are associated with:
    None of the above
    Secondary dysmenorrhea
  • 18
    What features of a female's breast are stimulated to grow/develop by progesterone?
    Mammary alveolar tissue/secretory structures
    Blood vessels and other supportive structures
    The ductal system
    Nipple and areolar area
    None of the above
  • 19
    In which area of the hypothalamus is estrogen a negative feedback inhibitor of LHRH?
    Arcuate nucleus
    None of the above
    Paraventricular nucleus
    Supraoptic nucleus
    Some of the above
  • 20
    A dysfunction of estrogen activity in either of the nuclei mentioned in the previous question could lead to:
    Increased vaginal secretions
    None of the above
    Some of the above
  • 21
    What is the major source of estrogen in a non-pregnant female?
    The anterior pituitary
    None of the above
    The adrenal glands
    The placenta
    The developing, "Graafian" follicle
  • 22
    Following ovulation female progesterone levels rise because of increased synthesis/secretion by the:
    Stratum granulosum tissue in the corpus luteum
    The chorion layer of the endometrium
    Glandular cells of the breast
    Adrenal reticularis
    None of the above
  • 23
    Among progesterone's actions is/are:
    A thermogenic action
    Stimulation of glandular development in the breast
    All of the above
    Endometrial glandular development
    Some of the above
  • 24
    Symptoms of endometriosis may include:
    All of the above
    Increased body temperature of about 1*F
    Some of the above
    "heavy" uterine bleeding during periods
    Abdominal pain, cramping particularly during periods
  • 25
    Insulin resistance leading to hyperglycemia is a sign/symptom of:
    Polycystic ovarian disease
    Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
    Primary dysmenorrhea
    None of the above
  • 26
    A female who is developing PCOS may experience:
    Weight gain
    All of the above
    Some of the above
    Heavier than normal menstrual flow
    Hair growth/hirsutism
  • 27
    Excessive amounts of uterine prostaglandin F is the cause of:
    Some of the above
    None of the above
    Leiomyomas (fibroids)
  • 28
    One cause of PID is infection. Among the infectious agents with a strong association to this condition we include:
    None of the above
    Some of the above
  • 29
    Inhibition of PDE5 is a possible therapy for:
    None of the above
    Primary dysmenorrhea
    Erectile dysfunction
  • 30
    A lack of fetal androgen causes which embryonic ductal system to deteriorate?
    None of the above
    Some of the above
  • 31
    When we speak of an androgen's "anabolic actions" we include:
    Increased erythropoiesis
    Some of the above
    All of the above
    Skeletal muscle growth and development
    Prostatic development
  • 32
    The most common cause of juvenile testicular failure is:
    Kallman's syndrome
    None of the above
  • 33
    Which bacterium/virus is most commonly associated with orchitis?
    E. coli
    None of the above
  • 34
    Target tissues (in males) with dihydrotestosterone specific receptors include:
    All of the above
    Some of the above
    Skeletal muscle
  • 35
    "Chocolate cysts" result from endometrial tissue growing in/on the:
    Uterine muscle
    None of the above
    Perotoneal wall
  • 36
    Neurogenic bladder can be caused by neuropathies like diabetes mellitus, but more often it is due to:
    Acute infection
    Kidney stones
    CNS lesions
    None of the above
  • 37
    An Ag/Ab relation in the kidney is commonly associated with the cause of:
    None of the above
    Kidney stones
  • 38
    Women are more prone to cystitis because:
    The lack prostate antibiotic factor
    Some of the above
    Of their anatomy; ie. a shorter urethra
    Estrogen tends to stimulate bacterial flora in/around the lower pelvic region
    All of the above
  • 39
    Which secretion(s) of the adrenal gland is/are "pituitary independent"?
    None of the above
    Some of the above
  • 40
    The zona reticularis secretes:
    Any of the above
    None of the above
  • 41
    What adrenal pathology can be caused by an oat cell carcinoma?
    Grave's disease
    Cushing's disease
    Conn's syndrome
    Addison's disease
  • 42
    Luckily, the form of CAH that is the most fatal is also the least prevalent. This form results from a loack of:
    None of the above is fatal
    21-beta hydroxylase
    All of the above are equal in prevalence
  • 43
    An increase in glucocorticoids whether endogenous or exogenous) will cause an increase in:
    Amount/volume of acid secretion
    All of the above
    Some of the above
    Amount/volume of pepsin secretion
  • 44
    Which of the following inflammation/repair parameters decreases in a patient with Cushing's Disease?
    Granulocyte diapedesis activity
    Some of the above
    White cell phagocytic activity
    All of the above
    Number of fibroblasts
  • 45
    The two major symptoms that indicate that a patient has Conn's syndrome are:
    None of the above
  • 46
    "Buffalo hump" is a condition associate with which disease/condition?
    Some of the above
    None of the above
    Addison's disease
    Cushing's syndrome
  • 47
    Increased "freckling" and darkening of the skin can be a sign/symptom of:
    Addison's disease
    Conn's syndrome
    Cushing's disease
    CAH w/ hypertension
    None of the above
  • 48
    The testosterone responsible for sperm maturation is mostly secreted by:
    Interstitial cells
    Sustentacular cells
    all of the above
    Some of the above
    Leydig cells
  • 49
    In the male LH is called/named:
    None of the above
  • 50
    The physiologic process by which oxygen goes from the alveoli to the blood stream is known as:
    None of the above
  • 51
    In addition to its role in the exchange of blood gases into an out of the air, the respiratory system is an important factor in/for:
    Maintenance of acid-base equilibrium
    Systemic inflammation/repair
    All of the above
    Cardiovascular hemodynamics
    Some of the above
  • 52
    Among the causes of respiratory failure, one can include:
    An impairment of the ventilation/perfusion ratio
    An impairment of diffusion
    An impairment of ventilation
    All of the above
    Some of the above
  • 53
    The best hypothesis as to the reason/cause of an acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in an adult is:
    Injury to the pulmonary microcirculation
    None of the above
    Depression in the brain stem
    An immunologic reaction
    A sudden drop in blood pressur/blood flow in the pulmonary circulation
  • 54
    Whatever the cause, the major problem in ARDS is:
    Thromboemboli in the pulmonary circulation
    None of the above
    A decrease in elasticity/compliance
    The increase in oxygen concentration in the alveoli
  • 55
    SIDS is thought to result because of the loss of the major infant drive to respiration which is the:
    Neurogenic drive
    Hypercapnic drive
    None of the above
    Hypoxic drive
    Voluntary drive
  • 56
    What is cor pulmonale?
    Chest pneumothorax (hole in the thoracic cavity)
    Right sided heart failure
    Mitral valve collapse
    None of the above
    Pulmonary hypotension
  • 57
    The three characteristics of asthma include:
    Some of the above
    Mucosal edema
    Increased mucous production
    All of the above
    Bronchiolar hyper-reactivity
  • 58
    For a proper diagnosis of extrinsic asthma, the cause should be a/an:
    Emotional stress
    None of the above
    Antigen (allergy)
  • 59
    Receiving a "salty kiss" indicates that the other individual may suffer from:
    Extrinsic asthma
    Exercise-induced asthma
    Cystic fibrosis
    None of the above
  • 60
    Silica dust (or chain silicates) is the causative agent for:
    "Black lung" disease in coal miners
    Some of the above
    All of the above

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