Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 74.465 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    People marry because they fall in love.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    All of the above are correct.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    During times of social crisis.
    Among very religious people
    Among the very rich.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Personal problems into public issues.
    People into supporters of the status quo
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The power of tradition
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Marshal McLuhan
    John Porter
    Dorothy Smith
    Harold Innis
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    The structural-functional approach
    None of the above is correct.
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The social-conflict approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Robert K. Merton
    Talcott Parsons
    William Graham Sumner
    C. Wright Mills
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Income differences among young people in high school
    All of the above are correct.
    Gender inequality in college sports
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
    An objective reality "out there."
    Seeks to bring about change.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Agrarian
    Pastoral
    Industrial
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    The rate of social change increases.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    All of the above are correct.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    Very productive
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Politics.
    Religion.
    The economy.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Go into business for themselves.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role exit
    Role strain
    Role set
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The Thomas theorem.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Being very self-conscious
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Trying to take attention away from others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Hide
    Idealize
    Contradict
    Reveal
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Primary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The sciences
    The social sciences
    The fine arts
    Any and all subjects

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