Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 68.156 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    People marry because they fall in love.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to romance, its all a matter of personal taste.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    All of the above are correct.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among very religious people
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among the very rich.
    During times of social crisis.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Common sense into laws of society.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Personal problems into public issues.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The power of tradition
  • 9
    Who said the medium is the message?
    Dorothy Smith
    Harold Innis
    John Porter
    Marshal McLuhan
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    None of the above is correct.
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The social-conflict approach
    The structural-functional approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociologys structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    William Graham Sumner
    C. Wright Mills
    Robert K. Merton
    Talcott Parsons
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Racial inequality in a companys hiring and promotion practices
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Gender inequality in college sports
    All of the above are correct.
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    All of the above are correct.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Being openly political.
    Promoting the status quo.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    Belief based on a societys traditions
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    All of the above are correct
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Agrarian
    Pastoral
    Industrial
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    The rate of social change increases.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    A larger share of a societys people live in cities.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Very productive
    All of the above are correct.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The economy.
    Politics.
    Religion.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Go into business for themselves.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Eventually starve to death.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers performances?
    Role set
    Role ambiguity
    Role strain
    Role exit
  • 25
    Garfinkels research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking peoples roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The Thomas theorem.
    Ethno methodology.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The social construction of reality.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Being very self-conscious
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Interaction that is highly formal
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Reveal
    Contradict
    Idealize
    Hide
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Primary sex characteristics
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The fine arts
    Any and all subjects
    The social sciences
    The sciences