Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 79.854 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Greater self-esteem.
    More clinical depression.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among very religious people
    During times of social crisis.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among the very rich.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    People into supporters of the status quo
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The power of tradition
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Harold Innis
    Dorothy Smith
    John Porter
    Marshal McLuhan
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    None of the above is correct.
    The social-conflict approach
    The structural-functional approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Robert K. Merton
    C. Wright Mills
    Talcott Parsons
    William Graham Sumner
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    All of the above are correct.
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Promoting the status quo.
    All of the above are correct.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Agrarian
    Pastoral
    Horticultural
    Industrial
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    The rate of social change increases.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    All of the above are correct.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    Very productive
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The economy.
    The family.
    Religion.
    Politics.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Go into business for themselves.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role ambiguity
    Role set
    Role exit
    Role strain
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Ethno methodology.
    The social construction of reality.
    The Thomas theorem.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Being very self-conscious
    Trying to take attention away from others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Contradict
    Hide
    Reveal
    Idealize
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Primary sex characteristics
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Gender roles
    Sexual orientation
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The fine arts
    The sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The social sciences

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