Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 66.651 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    More clinical depression.
    Lower social integration.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among very religious people
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    During times of social crisis.
    Among the very rich.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Common sense into laws of society.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The power of tradition
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Dorothy Smith
    Marshal McLuhan
    John Porter
    Harold Innis
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The structural-functional approach
    None of the above is correct.
    The social-conflict approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Talcott Parsons
    C. Wright Mills
    Robert K. Merton
    William Graham Sumner
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    All of the above are correct.
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Promoting the status quo.
    All of the above are correct.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Agrarian
    Industrial
    Horticultural
    Pastoral
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    The rate of social change increases.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    All of the above are correct.
    Very productive
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Politics.
    The family.
    Religion.
    The economy.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Go into business for themselves.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Eventually starve to death.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role set
    Role strain
    Role exit
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
    The Thomas theorem.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Being very self-conscious
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Idealize
    Hide
    Contradict
    Reveal
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Primary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    The sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The fine arts