Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 61.845 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    When it comes to romance, its all a matter of personal taste.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    All of the above are correct.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among very religious people
    During times of social crisis.
    Among the very rich.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Personal problems into public issues.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The power of tradition
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
  • 9
    Who said the medium is the message?
    John Porter
    Dorothy Smith
    Harold Innis
    Marshal McLuhan
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The structural-functional approach
    The social-conflict approach
    None of the above is correct.
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociologys structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Talcott Parsons
    Robert K. Merton
    C. Wright Mills
    William Graham Sumner
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Racial inequality in a companys hiring and promotion practices
    Income differences among young people in high school
    All of the above are correct.
    Gender inequality in college sports
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Being openly political.
    Promoting the status quo.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on a societys traditions
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Horticultural
    Industrial
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    The rate of social change increases.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    A larger share of a societys people live in cities.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    All of the above are correct.
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    Very productive
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Religion.
    Politics.
    The family.
    The economy.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Eventually starve to death.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers performances?
    Role exit
    Role ambiguity
    Role set
    Role strain
  • 25
    Garfinkels research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Tracking peoples roles over the life course.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
    The Thomas theorem.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Being very self-conscious
    Interaction that is highly formal
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Reveal
    Contradict
    Hide
    Idealize
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Primary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The fine arts
    The social sciences