Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 79.468 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    All of the above are correct.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among the very rich.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among very religious people
    During times of social crisis.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Personal problems into public issues.
    People into supporters of the status quo
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    All of the above are correct.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The power of tradition
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Marshal McLuhan
    John Porter
    Harold Innis
    Dorothy Smith
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The social-conflict approach
    None of the above is correct.
    The structural-functional approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    William Graham Sumner
    Robert K. Merton
    C. Wright Mills
    Talcott Parsons
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Gender inequality in college sports
    All of the above are correct.
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Income differences among young people in high school
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    All of the above are correct.
    Being openly political.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Promoting the status quo.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    All of the above are correct
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
    Industrial
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    The rate of social change increases.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Very productive
    All of the above are correct.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Religion.
    Politics.
    The family.
    The economy.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Eventually starve to death.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role strain
    Role exit
    Role set
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The Thomas theorem.
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Being very self-conscious
    Interaction that is highly formal
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Hide
    Idealize
    Reveal
    Contradict
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Gender roles
    Primary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    The fine arts
    The sciences
    Any and all subjects

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