Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 81.556 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    People marry because they fall in love.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    All of the above are correct.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    During times of social crisis.
    Among the very rich.
    Among very religious people
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Personal problems into public issues.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    All of the above are correct.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The power of tradition
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Harold Innis
    Marshal McLuhan
    John Porter
    Dorothy Smith
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    The structural-functional approach
    The social-conflict approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    None of the above is correct.
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Talcott Parsons
    William Graham Sumner
    Robert K. Merton
    C. Wright Mills
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    All of the above are correct.
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Promoting the status quo.
    All of the above are correct.
    Being openly political.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Industrial
    Agrarian
    Pastoral
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    The rate of social change increases.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Very productive
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Politics.
    Religion.
    The economy.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Eventually starve to death.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role set
    Role ambiguity
    Role strain
    Role exit
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The Thomas theorem.
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Being very self-conscious
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Interaction that is highly formal
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Hide
    Reveal
    Contradict
    Idealize
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Sexual orientation
    Primary sex characteristics
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Gender roles
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    The fine arts
    Any and all subjects
    The sciences

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