Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 57290 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    All of the above are correct.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    More clinical depression.
    Lower social integration.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of social crisis.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among the very rich.
    Among very religious people
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Common sense into laws of society.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Personal problems into public issues.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    All of the above are correct.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The power of tradition
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Dorothy Smith
    Marshal McLuhan
    Harold Innis
    John Porter
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    The social-conflict approach
    The structural-functional approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    None of the above is correct.
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    C. Wright Mills
    Robert K. Merton
    Talcott Parsons
    William Graham Sumner
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
    All of the above are correct.
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Seeks to bring about change.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Pastoral
    Industrial
    Horticultural
    Agrarian
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    The rate of social change increases.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
    Very productive
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The family.
    Politics.
    Religion.
    The economy.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Go into business for themselves.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role exit
    Role strain
    Role set
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The social construction of reality.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    Ethno methodology.
    The Thomas theorem.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Being very self-conscious
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Trying to take attention away from others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Contradict
    Reveal
    Hide
    Idealize
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Sexual orientation
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Primary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The fine arts
    The social sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The sciences