Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 78.283 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    All of the above are correct.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Greater self-esteem.
    More clinical depression.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among very religious people
    During times of social crisis.
    Among the very rich.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Scientific research into common sense.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Personal problems into public issues.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    The belief that society is mysterious.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The power of tradition
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Harold Innis
    Marshal McLuhan
    Dorothy Smith
    John Porter
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    The structural-functional approach
    The social-conflict approach
    None of the above is correct.
    Symbolic-interaction approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Robert K. Merton
    Talcott Parsons
    William Graham Sumner
    C. Wright Mills
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Income differences among young people in high school
    All of the above are correct.
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    An objective reality "out there."
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Horticultural
    Industrial
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    The rate of social change increases.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Very productive
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The economy.
    Politics.
    The family.
    Religion.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Eventually starve to death.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role ambiguity
    Role strain
    Role set
    Role exit
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The Thomas theorem.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    Ethno methodology.
    The social construction of reality.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Being very self-conscious
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Hide
    Idealize
    Reveal
    Contradict
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Gender roles
    Sexual orientation
    Primary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The fine arts
    The sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The social sciences

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