Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 57.764 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    All of the above are correct.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among very religious people
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among the very rich.
    During times of social crisis.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Common sense into laws of society.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The power of tradition
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Harold Innis
    Marshal McLuhan
    Dorothy Smith
    John Porter
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    The social-conflict approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The structural-functional approach
    None of the above is correct.
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    C. Wright Mills
    William Graham Sumner
    Robert K. Merton
    Talcott Parsons
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
    All of the above are correct.
    Income differences among young people in high school
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Promoting the status quo.
    Being openly political.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Industrial
    Horticultural
    Agrarian
    Pastoral
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    The rate of social change increases.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    All of the above are correct.
    Very productive
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Politics.
    The economy.
    Religion.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role ambiguity
    Role exit
    Role set
    Role strain
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Ethno methodology.
    The social construction of reality.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The Thomas theorem.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Being very self-conscious
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Hide
    Contradict
    Reveal
    Idealize
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Primary sex characteristics
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Gender roles
    Sexual orientation
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The fine arts
    The sciences