Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 59.931 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    People marry because they fall in love.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    All of the above are correct.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among the very rich.
    During times of social crisis.
    Among very religious people
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Scientific research into common sense.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Common sense into laws of society.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    The belief that society is mysterious.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The power of tradition
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Harold Innis
    Marshal McLuhan
    John Porter
    Dorothy Smith
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    The social-conflict approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    None of the above is correct.
    The structural-functional approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Robert K. Merton
    William Graham Sumner
    Talcott Parsons
    C. Wright Mills
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Income differences among young people in high school
    All of the above are correct.
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    All of the above are correct.
    Being openly political.
    Promoting the status quo.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Industrial
    Agrarian
    Horticultural
    Pastoral
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    The rate of social change increases.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
    Very productive
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The economy.
    Religion.
    The family.
    Politics.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role set
    Role strain
    Role ambiguity
    Role exit
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The Thomas theorem.
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Being very self-conscious
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Trying to take attention away from others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Contradict
    Reveal
    Idealize
    Hide
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Sexual orientation
    Primary sex characteristics
    Gender roles
    Secondary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    Any and all subjects
    The social sciences
    The sciences
    The fine arts