Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 64.734 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    When it comes to romance, its all a matter of personal taste.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among the very rich.
    Among very religious people
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    During times of social crisis.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Scientific research into common sense.
    People into supporters of the status quo
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The power of tradition
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
  • 9
    Who said the medium is the message?
    Harold Innis
    Dorothy Smith
    Marshal McLuhan
    John Porter
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    None of the above is correct.
    The social-conflict approach
    The structural-functional approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociologys structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Robert K. Merton
    Talcott Parsons
    C. Wright Mills
    William Graham Sumner
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    All of the above are correct.
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Racial inequality in a companys hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on a societys traditions
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action
    An objective reality "out there."
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Agrarian
    Horticultural
    Pastoral
    Industrial
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    The rate of social change increases.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    A larger share of a societys people live in cities.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Very productive
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The economy.
    Religion.
    Politics.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Go into business for themselves.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers performances?
    Role exit
    Role strain
    Role ambiguity
    Role set
  • 25
    Garfinkels research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Tracking peoples roles over the life course.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The Thomas theorem.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Being very self-conscious
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Hide
    Idealize
    Contradict
    Reveal
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Sexual orientation
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Primary sex characteristics
    Gender roles
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    Any and all subjects
    The sciences
    The social sciences
    The fine arts