Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 81.939 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Greater self-esteem.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    More clinical depression.
    Lower social integration.

  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    During times of social crisis.
    Among very religious people
    Among the very rich.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    People into supporters of the status quo
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.

  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The power of tradition
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    John Porter
    Marshal McLuhan
    Dorothy Smith
    Harold Innis

  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    The social-conflict approach
    None of the above is correct.
    The structural-functional approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    William Graham Sumner
    C. Wright Mills
    Robert K. Merton
    Talcott Parsons
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    All of the above are correct.
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Income differences among young people in high school
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Promoting the status quo.
    All of the above are correct.
    Being openly political.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Seeks to bring about change.
    An objective reality "out there."
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    All of the above are correct
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
    Industrial
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    The rate of social change increases.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    All of the above are correct.
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Very productive
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Politics.
    The family.
    Religion.
    The economy.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Go into business for themselves.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role exit
    Role set
    Role strain
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The Thomas theorem.
    The social construction of reality.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    Ethno methodology.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Being very self-conscious
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Idealize
    Reveal
    Hide
    Contradict
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Sexual orientation
    Gender roles
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Primary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The sciences
    The social sciences
    The fine arts
    Any and all subjects


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