Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 59.082 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to romance, its all a matter of personal taste.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    People marry because they fall in love.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    All of the above are correct.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among the very rich.
    During times of social crisis.
    Among very religious people
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Personal problems into public issues.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    All of the above are correct.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The power of tradition
  • 9
    Who said the medium is the message?
    John Porter
    Marshal McLuhan
    Harold Innis
    Dorothy Smith
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The social-conflict approach
    None of the above is correct.
    The structural-functional approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociologys structural-functional approach.
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Robert K. Merton
    C. Wright Mills
    William Graham Sumner
    Talcott Parsons
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Racial inequality in a companys hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
    All of the above are correct.
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Promoting the status quo.
    All of the above are correct.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on a societys traditions
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
    Seeks to bring about change.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Industrial
    Agrarian
    Pastoral
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    A larger share of a societys people live in cities.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    The rate of social change increases.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Very productive
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The economy.
    Religion.
    Politics.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Eventually starve to death.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers performances?
    Role strain
    Role set
    Role exit
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkels research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Tracking peoples roles over the life course.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The social construction of reality.
    The Thomas theorem.
    Ethno methodology.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Being very self-conscious
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Trying to take attention away from others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Contradict
    Reveal
    Idealize
    Hide
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Sexual orientation
    Gender roles
    Primary sex characteristics
    Secondary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The sciences
    The social sciences
    The fine arts
    Any and all subjects