Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 68.733 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to romance, its all a matter of personal taste.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    All of the above are correct.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among the very rich.
    Among very religious people
    During times of social crisis.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    People into supporters of the status quo
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    All of the above are correct.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The power of tradition
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
  • 9
    Who said the medium is the message?
    Harold Innis
    Dorothy Smith
    John Porter
    Marshal McLuhan
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    None of the above is correct.
    The social-conflict approach
    The structural-functional approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociologys structural-functional approach.
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Talcott Parsons
    C. Wright Mills
    William Graham Sumner
    Robert K. Merton
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    All of the above are correct.
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Racial inequality in a companys hiring and promotion practices
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    Belief based on a societys traditions
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Seeks to bring about change.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    All of the above are correct
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
    Horticultural
    Industrial
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    The rate of social change increases.
    A larger share of a societys people live in cities.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
    Very productive
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The economy.
    The family.
    Politics.
    Religion.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Eventually starve to death.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Go into business for themselves.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers performances?
    Role ambiguity
    Role strain
    Role set
    Role exit
  • 25
    Garfinkels research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Tracking peoples roles over the life course.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Ethno methodology.
    The Thomas theorem.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The social construction of reality.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Being very self-conscious
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Hide
    Reveal
    Idealize
    Contradict
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Sexual orientation
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Primary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The fine arts
    Any and all subjects
    The sciences
    The social sciences