Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 81.013 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    All of the above are correct.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Greater self-esteem.
    More clinical depression.
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of social crisis.
    Among very religious people
    Among the very rich.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Personal problems into public issues.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Scientific research into common sense.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The power of tradition
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    John Porter
    Dorothy Smith
    Harold Innis
    Marshal McLuhan
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    The social-conflict approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    None of the above is correct.
    The structural-functional approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Talcott Parsons
    William Graham Sumner
    Robert K. Merton
    C. Wright Mills
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Gender inequality in college sports
    All of the above are correct.
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
    Being openly political.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on action
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Agrarian
    Industrial
    Pastoral
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    The rate of social change increases.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Very productive
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The economy.
    Politics.
    Religion.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Go into business for themselves.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Eventually starve to death.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role set
    Role exit
    Role ambiguity
    Role strain
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
    The Thomas theorem.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Being very self-conscious
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Reveal
    Hide
    Idealize
    Contradict
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Primary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    The sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The fine arts

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