Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 82.317 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    All of the above are correct.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Greater self-esteem.
    More clinical depression.
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of social crisis.
    Among the very rich.
    Among very religious people
    During times of peace and prosperity.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Personal problems into public issues.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The power of tradition
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    John Porter
    Harold Innis
    Marshal McLuhan
    Dorothy Smith
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    None of the above is correct.
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The social-conflict approach
    The structural-functional approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    C. Wright Mills
    Robert K. Merton
    William Graham Sumner
    Talcott Parsons
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
    All of the above are correct.
    Income differences among young people in high school
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
    Being openly political.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
    Industrial
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    The rate of social change increases.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    All of the above are correct.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Very productive
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Politics.
    Religion.
    The economy.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role exit
    Role strain
    Role set
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The Thomas theorem.
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Being very self-conscious
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Idealize
    Hide
    Reveal
    Contradict
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Primary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The sciences
    The fine arts

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