Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 61.216 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    All of the above are correct.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Lower social integration.
    Greater self-esteem.
    More clinical depression.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among very religious people
    During times of social crisis.
    Among the very rich.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Personal problems into public issues.
    People into supporters of the status quo
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The power of tradition
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Dorothy Smith
    John Porter
    Marshal McLuhan
    Harold Innis
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    The social-conflict approach
    The structural-functional approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    None of the above is correct.
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Talcott Parsons
    Robert K. Merton
    William Graham Sumner
    C. Wright Mills
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Gender inequality in college sports
    All of the above are correct.
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Being openly political.
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Agrarian
    Industrial
    Pastoral
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    The rate of social change increases.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Very productive
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    All of the above are correct.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The family.
    Religion.
    Politics.
    The economy.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role exit
    Role set
    Role strain
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Ethno methodology.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The Thomas theorem.
    The social construction of reality.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Being very self-conscious
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Interaction that is highly formal
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Idealize
    Reveal
    Contradict
    Hide
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Primary sex characteristics
    Gender roles
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The fine arts
    The sciences