Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 67.474 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    All of the above are correct.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of social crisis.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among very religious people
    Among the very rich.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Personal problems into public issues.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Scientific research into common sense.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    All of the above are correct.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The power of tradition
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Marshal McLuhan
    Dorothy Smith
    Harold Innis
    John Porter
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The structural-functional approach
    The social-conflict approach
    None of the above is correct.
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Robert K. Merton
    C. Wright Mills
    William Graham Sumner
    Talcott Parsons
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Income differences among young people in high school
    All of the above are correct.
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Promoting the status quo.
    All of the above are correct.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Seeks to bring about change.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Industrial
    Horticultural
    Agrarian
    Pastoral
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    The rate of social change increases.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    All of the above are correct.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Very productive
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Religion.
    Politics.
    The economy.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Eventually starve to death.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role exit
    Role ambiguity
    Role set
    Role strain
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
    The Thomas theorem.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Being very self-conscious
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Interaction that is highly formal
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Hide
    Idealize
    Contradict
    Reveal
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Primary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Gender roles
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The sciences
    The fine arts
    Any and all subjects
    The social sciences