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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 78.978 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    All of the above are correct.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among very religious people
    During times of social crisis.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among the very rich.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Scientific research into common sense.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The power of tradition
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Harold Innis
    Marshal McLuhan
    Dorothy Smith
    John Porter
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    None of the above is correct.
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The social-conflict approach
    The structural-functional approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    C. Wright Mills
    Talcott Parsons
    Robert K. Merton
    William Graham Sumner
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
    All of the above are correct.
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Being openly political.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    The rate of social change increases.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    All of the above are correct.
    Very productive
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The economy.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Eventually starve to death.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Go into business for themselves.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role exit
    Role strain
    Role set
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The social construction of reality.
    The Thomas theorem.
    Ethno methodology.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Being very self-conscious
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Primary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Gender roles
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The sciences
    The fine arts

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