Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 70.923 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Lower social integration.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among the very rich.
    During times of social crisis.
    Among very religious people
    During times of peace and prosperity.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Scientific research into common sense.
    People into supporters of the status quo
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    All of the above are correct.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The power of tradition
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    John Porter
    Marshal McLuhan
    Harold Innis
    Dorothy Smith
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    None of the above is correct.
    The structural-functional approach
    The social-conflict approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    William Graham Sumner
    C. Wright Mills
    Talcott Parsons
    Robert K. Merton
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Income differences among young people in high school
    All of the above are correct.
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Being openly political.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Promoting the status quo.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
    An objective reality "out there."
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    All of the above are correct
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
    Industrial
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    The rate of social change increases.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    All of the above are correct.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    Very productive
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    The family.
    Religion.
    The economy.
    Politics.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Go into business for themselves.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Eventually starve to death.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role ambiguity
    Role exit
    Role set
    Role strain
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The Thomas theorem.
    Ethno methodology.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The social construction of reality.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Being very self-conscious
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Reveal
    Idealize
    Contradict
    Hide
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Primary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Gender roles
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    Any and all subjects
    The fine arts
    The sciences