Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 83.016 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    All of the above are correct.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
    Greater self-esteem.
    More clinical depression.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of social crisis.
    Among the very rich.
    Among very religious people
    During times of peace and prosperity.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Personal problems into public issues.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Scientific research into common sense.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The power of tradition
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Marshal McLuhan
    John Porter
    Harold Innis
    Dorothy Smith
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    None of the above is correct.
    The structural-functional approach
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The social-conflict approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Talcott Parsons
    William Graham Sumner
    C. Wright Mills
    Robert K. Merton
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    All of the above are correct.
    Income differences among young people in high school
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Being openly political.
    All of the above are correct.
    Promoting the status quo.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
    Seeks to bring about change.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
    Horticultural
    Industrial
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    The rate of social change increases.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Very productive
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Religion.
    Politics.
    The economy.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Go into business for themselves.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role exit
    Role set
    Role strain
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    The social construction of reality.
    Ethno methodology.
    The Thomas theorem.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Being very self-conscious
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Contradict
    Idealize
    Reveal
    Hide
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Primary sex characteristics
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Gender roles
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    Any and all subjects
    The sciences
    The social sciences
    The fine arts

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