Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - Developed on: - 76.982 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    All of the above are correct.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Lower social integration.
    Greater self-esteem.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among the very rich.
    Among very religious people
    During times of social crisis.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Personal problems into public issues.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    All of the above are correct.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The power of tradition
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    Dorothy Smith
    Harold Innis
    Marshal McLuhan
    John Porter
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The structural-functional approach
    The social-conflict approach
    None of the above is correct.
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Robert K. Merton
    C. Wright Mills
    William Graham Sumner
    Talcott Parsons
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    All of the above are correct.
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Income differences among young people in high school
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    Promoting the status quo.
    Being openly political.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Seeks to bring about change.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
    Industrial
    Horticultural
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    The rate of social change increases.
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Very productive
    All of the above are correct.
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Religion.
    The economy.
    The family.
    Politics.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Eventually starve to death.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role set
    Role exit
    Role ambiguity
    Role strain
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Ethno methodology.
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The social construction of reality.
    The Thomas theorem.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Being very self-conscious
    Trying to take attention away from others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Contradict
    Idealize
    Hide
    Reveal
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Primary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    Any and all subjects
    The social sciences
    The sciences
    The fine arts

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