Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 61.373 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    When it comes to romance, its all a matter of personal taste.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
    Greater self-esteem.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    Among very religious people
    During times of social crisis.
    Among the very rich.
    During times of peace and prosperity.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Common sense into laws of society.
    People into supporters of the status quo
    Scientific research into common sense.
    Personal problems into public issues.
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    The belief that society is mysterious.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    The power of tradition
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
  • 9
    Who said the medium is the message?
    Marshal McLuhan
    Dorothy Smith
    Harold Innis
    John Porter
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    The structural-functional approach
    None of the above is correct.
    The social-conflict approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociologys structural-functional approach.
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    Robert K. Merton
    Talcott Parsons
    C. Wright Mills
    William Graham Sumner
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    All of the above are correct.
    Gender inequality in college sports
    Racial inequality in a companys hiring and promotion practices
    Income differences among young people in high school
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Promoting the status quo.
    Being openly political.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    All of the above are correct.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on a societys traditions
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    Seeks to bring about change.
    An objective reality "out there."
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Pastoral
    Agrarian
    Horticultural
    Industrial
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
    The rate of social change increases.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    A larger share of a societys people live in cities.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Very productive
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Religion.
    Politics.
    The economy.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Eventually starve to death.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers performances?
    Role strain
    Role exit
    Role set
    Role ambiguity
  • 25
    Garfinkels research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking peoples roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    Ethno methodology.
    The social construction of reality.
    The Thomas theorem.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Being very self-conscious
    Trying to take attention away from others
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Interaction that is highly formal
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Idealize
    Reveal
    Hide
    Contradict
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Gender roles
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Primary sex characteristics
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    Any and all subjects
    The social sciences
    The sciences
    The fine arts