Sociology

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30 Questions - Developed by: LT - The quiz is developed on: - 76.095 taken

  • 1
    What might a sociologist say about people's selection of marriage partners?
    When it comes to romance, it’s all a matter of personal taste.
    When it comes to love, opposites attract.
    Typically, a person marries someone of similar social position.
    People marry because they fall in love.
  • 2
    Three campus roommates are talking about why they are in university. A sociological view of going to university highlights the effect of:
    Age, because college students tend to be young.
    Our place in history, because a century ago going to college was not an option for most people.
    All of the above are correct.
    Class, because college students tend to come from families with above-average incomes.
  • 3
    According to Emile Durkheim, a category of people with a higher suicide rate typically has:
    More clinical depression.
    Greater self-esteem.
    Less money, power, and other resources.
    Lower social integration.
  • 4
    Following the thinking of C. Wright Mills, we would have expected the sociological imagination to be more widespread:
    During times of peace and prosperity.
    Among very religious people
    Among the very rich.
    During times of social crisis.
  • 5
    C. Wright Mills claimed that the "sociological imagination" transformed:
    Personal problems into public issues.
    Common sense into laws of society.
    Scientific research into common sense.
    People into supporters of the status quo
  • 6
    Which of the following is a reason that it is important to understand the world beyond our
    own borders?
    All of the above are correct.
    Studying other societies is a good way to learn more about ourselves.
    Many problems that we face in Canada are far more serious elsewhere.
    Nations the world over are increasingly interconnected.
  • 7
    Making use of the sociological perspective encourages:
    Accepting conventional wisdom.
    People to be happier with their lives as they are.
    Challenging commonly held beliefs
    The belief that society is mysterious.
  • 8
    Which of the following historical changes is among the factors that stimulated the development of sociology as a discipline?
    The power of tradition
    The founding of the Roman Catholic Church
    A belief that our futures are defined by "fate"
    The rise of industrial factories and cities
  • 9
    Who said “the medium is the message”?
    John Porter
    Dorothy Smith
    Marshal McLuhan
    Harold Innis
  • 10
    Which theoretical approach was used by early sociologists Auguste Comte and Emile Durkheim?
    Symbolic-interaction approach
    None of the above is correct.
    The structural-functional approach
    The social-conflict approach
  • 11
    Identify the three sociologists who played a part in the development of sociology’s structural-functional approach.
    Harriet Martineau, Robert Merton, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Karl Marx, W.E.B. Du Bois
    Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim
    Herbert Spencer, Karl Marx, Auguste Comte
  • 12
    Who was the sociologist who distinguished between the manifest functions and the latent functions of social patterns?
    William Graham Sumner
    Robert K. Merton
    C. Wright Mills
    Talcott Parsons
  • 13
    Which of the following is an accurate criticism of the structural-functional approach?
    It focuses too much on social dysfunction
    It focuses too much on power divisions in society
    It is a politically liberal view of society.
    It ignores inequality that can generate tension and conflict.
  • 14
    Using the social-conflict approach, a sociologist might highlight which of the
    following?
    Income differences among young people in high school
    All of the above are correct.
    Racial inequality in a company’s hiring and promotion practices
    Gender inequality in college sports
  • 15
    The social-conflict approach sometimes receives criticism for:
    Promoting the status quo.
    Focusing on values that everyone shares.
    All of the above are correct.
    Being openly political.
  • 16
    Science can be defined as:
    Belief based on faith in ultimate truth
    A logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observation.
    A logical system that bases truth on political goals
    Belief based on a society’s traditions
  • 17
    Interpretive sociology is sociology that:
    An objective reality "out there."
    Seeks to bring about change.
    Focuses on action
    Focuses on action and focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    Focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
  • 18
    Which of the following statements about critical (conflict) sociology is true?
    Critical sociology focuses on the meaning people attach to behavior.
    All of the above are correct
    Critical sociology seeks to bring about desirable social change
    Critical sociology endorses the principle of being value-free.
  • 19
    The birth of the discipline of sociology took place during the development of which type of society?
    Agrarian
    Industrial
    Horticultural
    Pastoral
  • 20
    Industrialization changes societies in many ways. All of the following except for one are changes brought on by industrialization. Which is NOT such a change?
    A larger share of a society’s people live in cities.
    There are fewer types of jobs and fewer people now work for income.
    The rate of social change increases.
    Advances in communication and transportation make society seem smaller.
  • 21
    Karl Marx believed that the industrial-capitalist system was:
    Very productive
    Concentrating wealth in the hands of a few.
    Giving rise to two great classes: capitalists and proletarians
    All of the above are correct.
  • 22
    Karl Marx argued that the dominant social institution is:
    Religion.
    The economy.
    Politics.
    The family.
  • 23
    As the suffering of workers became worse, Marx predicted that they would:
    Eventually starve to death.
    Go into business for themselves.
    Rise up against the capitalist system.
    Demand that women as well as men join the labor force.
  • 24
    Which of the following is involved when a plant supervisor wishes to be a good friend and confidant to the workers but must remain distant to rate the workers’ performances?
    Role strain
    Role set
    Role ambiguity
    Role exit
  • 25
    Garfinkel’s research, called ethno methodology, involves:
    Studying unfamiliar cultural systems.
    Studying the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings.
    The study of interaction in terms of theatrical performance
    Tracking people’s roles over the life course.
  • 26
    The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance is referred to as:
    Dramaturgical analysis.
    The social construction of reality.
    The Thomas theorem.
    Ethno methodology.
  • 27
    What does the term "presentation of self" mean?
    Efforts to create impressions in the minds of others
    Being very self-conscious
    Interaction that is highly formal
    Trying to take attention away from others
  • 28
    According to Erving Goffman, people usually make efforts to _____ their intentions.
    Reveal
    Idealize
    Hide
    Contradict
  • 29
    Which concept refers to attitudes and activities that a society links to people of each sex?
    Primary sex characteristics
    Secondary sex characteristics
    Sexual orientation
    Gender roles
  • 30
    Where would you look in Canadian schools to find courses in which men outnumber women?
    The social sciences
    The sciences
    The fine arts
    Any and all subjects

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