Psych 320

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89 Questions - Developed by: Amy - Developed on: - 870 taken

  • 1
    Which of these examples displays verbal aggression:  
    Tiffany convinced all of her friends to ignore Briana.  
    Whenever Tiffany and Briana cross paths, Tiffany calls her “Stinky Briana.”  
    Tiffany tripped Briana as she walked by her during recess.  
    Tiffany told her friends Briana can’t sit with them because she doesn’t shower.  
  • 2
    Voluntary behavior intended to benefit another person is an example of:  
    Pro-social Behavior  
    Emotional intelligence
    Social competence
    Positive emotion
  • 3
    As a child enters middle childhood and the stage of concrete operations, they become moral relativists  
    Understand that moral behavior is guided by mutual respect  
    Morality of “cooperation”  
    All of the above
    Consider intentions rather than consequences  
  • 4
    Anti-bullying programs recommend teaching children:  
    How to help victims 
    Resolution skills     
    Self-defense 
    Both self-defense and resolution skills
  • 5
    1. Which one of these scenarios are an example of social information process for interpretation and mental representation?  
    A. I could ask her if she is upset or I could wait until she wants to talk.  
    A. I really want to know what’s bothering her.  
    A. I don’t want her to feel like I’m making a big deal, I’ll just wait until she is ready to talk.  
    A. She is rolling her eyes and pacing back and forth, she must be upset.
  • 6
    1. Bandura’s social learning theory model called reciprocal determinism includes a bidirectional relationship between what 3 factors?  
    A. Person, Morality, Faith  
    A. Environment, Person, Spirituality  
    A. Behavior, Person, Religion  
    A. Environment, Behavior, Person  
  • 7
    1. What traits are present in social and moral understanding during middle childhood?  
    Equality
    All of the above
    Self-intent
    Merit
  • 8
    1. The estimated number of bullying victims of the school age population range from:   
    A. 10%-27%  
    A. 50%-70%  
    A. 100%  
    A. 27%-45%  
  • 9
    1. According to Piaget’s theory, children in early childhood and in the stage are moral realistic.
    A. Concrete
    A. Formal
    A. Sensorimotor
    A. Preoperational
  • 10
    1. As children enter middle and childhood that stage of concrete operations, they become .
    A. Social realist
    A. Moral relativist
    Social relativist
    A. Moral realistic
  • 11
    1. In the level of middle childhood, what stage of fait development id the child in .
    A. Individual-reflective
    A. Intuitive-projective
    A. Synthetic-conventional
    A. Primal
    A. Mythical-literal
  • 12
    1. Which of the following are NOT a part of social learning theory processes?  
    Retention
    Reinforcement
    A. Observation   
    Attention
  • 13
    1. When a child ditches class after observing their peers do so, this is an example of…  
    A. Reciprocal determination   
    A. Social Learning Theory  
    A. Interpersonal orientation   
    A. All of the above  
  • 14
    1. In reciprocal determinism, what are the interacting factors that reciprocally affect each other?  
    Behavior
    Environment
    All of the above
    Person
  • 15
    The social theory of mind states that...
    Young children can “theorize” about others’ mental state to predict and explain behavior.
    Gradual, qualitative progression from egocentric thinking to an eventual understanding of mutual perspective within a social system.
    None of the above
    Having successive levels of interpersonal understanding can apply to social interactions
  • 16
    Using violence to hurt someone physically is an example of:
    None of the above
    Relational aggression
    Physical aggression
    Verbal aggression
  • 17
    A personal and subjective feeling or experience with a higher power;
    an inner affective state is?
    All of the above
    Religion
    Faith
    Spirituality
  • 18
    The poorer or younger should get more.
    Merit
    Self-interest
    Equity
    Equality
  • 19
    If Jonathan brings an extra scantron for the exam in case one of his
    classmate forgets to bring one then Jonathan is showing.
    Social personality
    Prosocial behavior
    None of the above
    Antisocial behavior
  • 20
    Bandura’s model called, reciprocal determinism, includes a
    bidirectional relationship with which of the following?
    The environment
    All of the above
    Person
    Behavior
  • 21
    Theory of mind refers to…
    The development of the child’s sense of right and wrong.
    A child’s ability to keep their thoughts private, which develops around age 5
    How a child can “theorize” about others’ mental states to better predict and explain behavior
    An explanation of how a child’s thoughts and motives can originate from the subconscious.
  • 22
    What percent of social interaction in middle childhood involves same
    age peers, compared to what percent in early childhood?
    30%; 10%
    20%; 50%
    10%; 90%
    50%; 50%
  • 23
    What is a peer group and its/their interaction with social
    competence?
    Individual that have a common goal; having no interest in other people for proration of the individual
    As groups of peers; the ability to interact effectively with others
    A small group of mixed gender friend/family; that have a common goal
    People of the same gender; with the ability to play well together
  • 24
    What does social provisions mean?
    Social developmental outcome
    Development of sustaining one’s social abilities with friends and families
    Peers development through school
    An individual’s path of development
  • 25
    What are the three key terms for peer relations?
    Agentic needs, family needs, social needs
    Communal needs, survival needs and agentic needs
    Social needs, provisional needs and survival needs
    Family needs, individual needs, relationship needs
  • 26
    What is another name for “communal needs”?
    Family needs
    Individual needs
    Social needs
    Peer needs
  • 27
    Timmy is known by his peers, typically bullied, and withdrawn from
    others. What social status does Timmy represent?
    Controversial
    Popular
    Rejected
    Neglected
  • 28
    Social play transitions from ________ and ________ play in early
    childhood to ________ and ______ play in middle childhood.
    Parallel & associative; cooperative & solitary
    None of the above
    Parallel & cooperative; Associative & solitary
    Parallel & solitary; Associative & cooperative
  • 29
    Based on the principles of social learning theory, what is a reason
    that peer and friendship networks are likely to form?
    Social Selection
    All of the Above
    Socio-Demographics
    Mutual Socialization
  • 30
    In middle childhood, children begin to pretend or act out stories.
    What kind of cognitive advanced play is this?
    Constructive play
    Games with rules
    Functional play
    Symbolic play
  • 31
    Coaching is a method of social skills training in which an adult…
    Allows the child to practice them
    Models and explains skills, and Allows the child to practice them
    Models and explains skills
    Does not provide feedback for child
  • 32
    According to the ethnological theory, group relationships are based
    on observed behaviors such as
    Separation
    Attachment and separation
    Rejection
    Attachment
  • 33
    How does middle childhood play differ from early childhood play?
    By school networks
    Requires greater logical reasoning
    By the extent to which one believes one’s sex is supported by others
    By playing alongside others but still indirectly
  • 34
    Children’s social skills are asses by
    Identifying behaviors and skills that are important in particular social context, and designing interventions to improve children's social skills in that setting
    Identifying behaviors and skills that are important in particular social context
    Social skills training in which an adult models and explains skills, allowing the child to practice them  
    Designing interventions to improve children's social skills in that setting
  • 35
    Boy’s social status is based on   
    Family background and socioeconomic status  
    Physical appearance
    Aggression  
    Social dominance, athletic ability, coolness, and toughness  
  • 36
    Controversial children .  
    Receive the most-least liked votes  
    Receive no nominations  
    Exhibit lower levels of aggression and withdrawal  
    Receive both most-liked and least-liked votes  
  • 37
    Tiffany is a good student who shows little aggressive behavior.  During an activity, other children in the class try to include Tiffany but she declines, insisting that she would rather do it on her own.  Which social status does Tiffany fit into the most?
    Rejected children
    Controversial children
    Popular children
    Neglected children
  • 38
    Sarah and Derek were working in the same space, sharing blocks.  However, they were both working on their own castles, separate from one another. 
    Associative play
    Solitary play
    Cooperative play
    Parallel play
  • 39
    Girls tend to value  _____________ relationships, while boys tend to value ____________ relationships.  
    Gossip Based; Rough-Housing Based  
    Positive Feedback Based; Status Feedback Based  
    Interpersonal Connection Based; Status Comparison Based  
    Status Comparison Based; Interpersonal Connection Based  
  • 40
    Children who have peer-relationship difficulties typically lack?  
    Cooperative play  
    Emotional Intelligence  
    Self-actualization  
    Social Skills  
  • 41
    Children who exhibit higher levels of positive social behavior and lower levels of aggression and withdrawal than average children are considered?  
    Controversial children  
    Popular children  
    Neglected children  
    Rejected children  
  • 42
    A method of social skills training in which an adult models/explains skills to improve the child’s social performance is called?  
    Demonstrator
    Performance
    Intervention
    Coaching
  • 43
    What is the most typical type of play school aged children participate in?  
    Cooperative play
    All of the above
    Associative play
    Parallel play
  • 44
    What percentage of children’s social interactions during middle childhood, involves interacting with same-age peers?  
    30%
    20%
    50%
    10%
  • 45
    Once a child Constructs gender cognitions, these beliefs are expected to influence gender understanding of self and others is called….  
    Social identity theory
    Gender appearance
    Gender differentiation
    Gender schema theory
  • 46
    Gender identity is composed of all of the components except:  
    Sexuality
    None. all of the components compose gender identity
    Member knowledge
    Pressure for gender conformity
    Gender connectedness
  • 47
    At what age does a child start being aware of group stereotypes  
    5
    6
    8
    7
  • 48
    According to the stages of racial identity, what does it mean to be in the stage of encounter?  
    Immersing yourself in your minority culture and rejecting the dominant culture  
    Experiencing a sense of fulfilment by integrating your personal and racial identity  
    Wanting to identify with your racial-minority group, but not knowing how  
    Preferring the dominant culture’s values to your own culture  
  • 49
    According to what theory does a child construct gender cognitions, where the beliefs are expected to influence their gender understanding of self and others?  
    Gender role theory
    Gender identity theory
    Gender schema theory
    Social identity theory
  • 50
    Rosa was biologically born a female. Throughout her whole life she has never identified with her biological gender. For a few years now she has been dressing like a male and taking hormones to get male characteristics such as voice change, and facial hair. What type of gender development is Rosa undergoing?  
    Gender nonconformity
    Transgender
    Sexual identity
    Sexual orientation
  • 51
    Is racial identity a social construct?   
    True
    False
    None
  • 52
    Ethnic identity involved which of the following?  
    Self-identification as a group member  
    Feelings of commitment to a group
    All of the above
    Positive or negative attitudes toward the group
  • 53
    Sarah an 11 year old girl realized she had a hole in her shirt when she sat in her desk at school. She felt everyone was laughing at her as the day passed. Sarah is expressing what?
    Insecurities
    Imaginary audience
    Social identity
    Personal fable
  • 54
    Feeling, looking or acting like the other sex is known as
    Homosexuality
    Sexual identity
    Sexual orientation
    Transgender
  • 55
    The degree of physical separation between boys and girls in middle childhood is known as
    Societal expectations
    Gender segregation
    Gender differences
    None of the above
  • 56
    Which one of the constructs below can best explain extreme self-consciousness in early adolescents in regards to their appearance, behavior, personality characteristics, and abilities?
    Social identity
    Imaginary audience
    Personal fable
    Gender identity
  • 57
    Symbolic interactions are made by
    Constructing their social identities
    Forming a gender identity
    Forming in-groups and out-groups
    Individuals constructing meanings through interactions with others
  • 58
    Perceiving your physical features as unattractive is an example of what stage of racial identity.  
    Internalization/commitment
    Pre-counter
    Immersion/emersion
    Encounter
  • 59
    Which of the following is not one of the five major components for gender identity?  
    Gender conformity
    Membership knowledge
    Gender typicality
    Intergroup bias
  • 60
    Most social groups in school are  
    Gender segregated
    Biracial
    Multicultural
    Bicultural
  • 61
    Ruby had a pimple on her forehead and when she goes to school, she feels that everyone is staring at her. What is this called?   
    Imaginary audience
    Gender identity
    Gender schemas
    Personal fable
  • 62
    Johnny realized that he looks different from the majority of those around him but doesn’t know why and doesn’t know who to ask. What stage of racial identity is Johnny currently experiencing?  
    Encounter
    Internalization/commitment
    Pre-encounter
    Immersion/emersion
  • 63
    What are gender schemas?  
    Behaviors that are not typical of either sex-role stereotypes  
    Set of attitudes and behaviors associated with the cultural conventions of being male or female  
    Concepts and beliefs about gender that children actively construct from their interactions with others in the social context-whether family, school or community.  
    How children develop an understanding of gender differences, examines the emergence of attitudes and behaviors  
  • 64
    Identity develops not only from an individual's sense of belonging to a particular group, but also from an affective component in which one's self-esteem. This is defined as _______  
    Gender appearance
    Social identities
    Gender segregation  
    Symbolic interactions  
  • 65
    The degree to which one feels like a typical member of a gender category is defined as ______  
    Intergroup bias  
    Membership knowledge
    Gender typically  
    Pressure for gender conformity  
  • 66
    Behaviors that are not typical of either sex-role stereotype is defined as ______  
    Androgynous   
    Feminine  
    Masculine  
    Undifferentiated  
  • 67
    Physical separation between boys and girls in middle childhood is called ______  
    Gender nonconforming  
    Sexual orientation  
    Gender segregation  
    Transgender  
  • 68
    Which element is not classified as gender appearance?  
    Love and romance  
    Gender sexuality  
    Resource factors  
    Bodies and appearance  
  • 69
    Life-course theory focuses on systematic changes, experience by individuals as they move through their lives. This theory includes three dimensions, which of the following is not included.
    Developmental   
    Empowerment   
    Historical   
    Family   
  • 70
    Which of the following is considered a protective factor?  
    Greater orientation to friends than parents  
    Sense of hopelessness   
    Intolerance of deviance  
    Low self esteem  
  • 71
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of high risk involvement   
    Educational expectations   
    Social expectations   
    Peer influence  
    Neighborhood quality  
  • 72
    Sarah is developing better relationship with someone from school. Which developmental domain is Sarah fostering?  
    Affective development  
    Both social and affective development
    Social development   
    Physical development   
  • 73
    John and Sarah have recently been hanging out more and they have developed more intimate feelings towards each other, so John decided to make it official. Which stage of development is John exhibiting?  
    Affective   
    Social
    Commitment
    Cognitive
  • 74
    Which of the following is not part of the 5 c’s of positive youth development   
    Community
    Confidence
    Competence
    Caring
  • 75
    At the age of 16, getting the keys to the family car is an informal rite of passage in US society   
    False
    True
    None
  • 76
    As Maya approaches her senior year of high school she ignores college application deadlines and tells her friends, “ I just want to have the best summer of my life! I’m putting college on hold for now”. What is Maya experiencing?   
    Moratorium
    Rebellion   
    Adulthood   
    Adultification   
  • 77
    The focus on life events and simultaneous contributions of the individual and historical development is defined as what?   
    Life's Developmental Milestones  
    Life- Course Theory
    Life-Span Theory  
    Theory of Life  
  • 78
    Which of these is NOT a developmental milestone in adolescence?   
    Social  
    Cognitive  
    Physical   
    Affective  
    None of the Above
  • 79
    Psychologists have suggested that an important developmental capacity of adolescents is called initiative.   
    True
    None
    False
  • 80
    . rejects the idea that adolescence has distinct age
    boundaries.
    Globalization  
    Life-Course Theory  
    Life-Span Theory  
    Poststructuralism  
  • 81
    Conditions or variables associated with a higher likelihood of negative
    outcomes in a variety of areas are called .
    Protective factors
    Life course factors
    Risk factors
    Age factors
  • 82
    Developmental assets or strengths that serve as a protective function
    in adolescence include:
    All of the above
    Positive values
    Commitment to learning
    Support
  • 83
    Finding a McDonald's in Southeast Asia would be an example of
    Consumer globalization
    Political globalization
    Material globalization
    Cultural globalization
  • 84
    According to life-course methodology, is your point of
    entry into the social system.
    When you are born
    When you reach one year of age
    When you say your first word
    When you enter a school system
  • 85
    What are the three major goals of obtaining knowledge through the
    life-span theory?
    Ontogenesis
    All of the above
    Interindividual differences
    Intraindividual change
  • 86
    Sarah has begun to develop the ability to logically understand new
    material. What developmental milestone is she currently
    undergoing?
    Affective
    Physical
    Cognitive
    Social
  • 87
    The length of adolescence may be affected by which of the
    following:
    Classroom etiquette
    Technological complexity
    Socioeconomic opportunities and Technological complexity
    Socioeconomic opportunities
  • 88
    What are some risk factors that pertain to teen population associated
    with lower likelihood of positive outcomes?
    Greater orientations to friends than parents and Low self esteem
    Low self esteem
    Greater orientations to friends than parents
    All of the above
    Involvement in pro-social activities
  • 89
    According to the youth development strategy in community schools
    what is the main objective?
    Providing fun sports programs
    None of the above
    Having yummy lunches
    Providing afterschool mentoring

Comments (1)

autorenew

Pratyush (91863)
141 days ago
It's too long! 90 questions i am tired after giving this trivi make it short