Equine Circulatory System

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20 Questions - Developed by: Stephanie - Developed on: - 107 taken

This is a quiz on the equine circulatory system to test your knowledge and identify areas for revision.

  • 1
    The blood travels away from the heart through the...
    Veins
    Muscles
    Arteries
    Capillaries
  • 2
    Circulating blood transports which of the following essential substances?
    Oxygen from lungs to cells
    Food through the digestive system
    Blood to the other organs
    Carbon dioxide from lungs to cells
  • 3
    Which of the following are the main components of blood?
    Plasma, elastin, collagen, white blood cells
    Plasma, collagen, red blood cells
    Plasma, red and white blood cells, platelets
    Red and white blood cells, collagen and platelets
  • 4
    White blood cells are also known as...
    Platelets
    Lymphocytes
    Globin
    Leucocytes
  • 5
    Where do red blood cells originate?
    Bone marrow
    The arteries
    The veins
    The heart
  • 6
    What are the three types of blood vessels?
    Capillaries, bicuspid and tricuspid
    Arteries, veins and capillaries
    Arteries, veins and venules
    Ventricles, arteroles and atriums
  • 7
    What do capillaries do?
    Help take blood back to the heart
    Form a network of thread-like vessels extending from arterioles into venules
    Keep the blood clean by filtering it as it travels around the body
    Help take blood away from the heart
  • 8
    A classic characteristic of an artery is...
    Rigid walls
    Thick, muscular walls
    Porous walls
    Thin walls
  • 9
    Where is the heart situated?
    Thoracic cavity between the lungs
    In the hind quarters
    Inside the oesophagus
    Below the stomach
  • 10
    If the average horse weighs 500kg, approximately how much would their heart weigh?
    5kg
    4kg
    3kg
    2.5kg
  • 11
    The heart wall consists of three layers, the epicardium, the endocardium and...
    Milocardium
    Myocardium
    Tricardium
    Eliocardium
  • 12
    The heart consists of four chambers; two upper chambers and two lower chambers, what are they known as?
    Bicuspids and tricuspids
    Arteries and veins
    Atriums and ventricles
    Valves and aortas
  • 13
    What is meant by systolic action?
    The prevention of back-flow through the arteries
    The contraction of the heart muscle as it empties
    The action of the heart muscle relaxing during the process of filling
    The action of the heart beating as it pumps blood around the body
  • 14
    How many systems of circulation are there within the equine body?
    Three
    Two
    Four
    One
  • 15
    Choose which one of the following cannot be used to monitor heart rate of a horse...
    Electrocardiogram
    Stethoscope
    Heart rate monitor
    Otoscope
  • 16
    Which two substances make up plasma?
    Monocyte and Lymphocyte
    Serum and Fibrinogen
    Basophil and Platelets
    Fibrinogen and Basophil
  • 17
    What colour are white blood cells?
    Colourless
    Yellow
    White
    Pink
  • 18
    For what reason might white blood cells increase in the body?
    When the body gets too hot
    Decrease in red blood cells
    Bacterial infection
    Increase in red blood cells
  • 19
    What is the main function of red blood cells?
    Carry oxygen from the tissues to the lungs
    Carry oxygen from the brain to the lungs
    Carry oxygen from the heart to the tissues
    Carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissues
  • 20
    Approximately one third of the red blood cells of a resting horse are stored where?
    Liver
    Lungs
    Heart
    Spleen

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