UT-15 Abdominal Vascular

40 Questions - Developed by:
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Q banks

  • 1
    During an aortoilliac duplex exam, the distal aorta measures 2.5cm in diameter. What are these findings consistent with?
  • 2
    You are examining a patient who presents with weight loss, postprandial pain and an abdominal bruit. Obstruction of which vessel is most likely to be at least partly responsible for these symptoms?
  • 3
    In a patient with intestinal ischemia, the cause might be revealed by a duplex scan finding of stenosis in which of the following arteries

  • 4
    An aneurysm resulting from infection is termed:
  • 5
    The term "seagull sign" is used to describe which of the following vessels?
  • 6
    Which of the following is not associated with normal findings in the abdominal aorta?

  • 7
    Which of the following is the condition that occurs when the left common iliac vein is compressed between the overlying right common iliac artery and underlying vertebral body?
  • 8
    Evaluation of abdominal aortic aneurysm is facilitated if the study is done:
  • 9
    What is the first major branch arising from the abdominal aorta?
  • 10
    What is the most common location for AAA?

  • 11
    Upon duplex evaluation of a known abdominal aortic aneurysm, homogenous echoes with smooth borders are visualized within the aneurysm sac. What are these findings most consistent with?
  • 12
    What is the most common pathologic finding in the IVC and iliac veins?
  • 13
    What shape are most aortic aneurysms?
  • 14
    Patients being evaluated for portal hypertension may have liver dysfunction symptoms including all of the following except
  • 15
    A 65 year old male presents to the vascular lab for evaluation of the abdomen after involvement in a car accident. During the duplex exam, an asymmetric outpouching is identified in the mid to distal aorta. What are these findings most consistent with?
  • 16
    The abdominal aorta is considered aneurysmal when the diameter measures greater than what?

  • 17
    A patient has a 7 cm abdominal aortic aneurysm. The patient elects not to have an operation, despite the surgeon's recommendation. Which of the following is false?
  • 18
    On sonographic evaluation, which of the following describes the appearance of an IVC filter?
  • 19
    Your measurement of a patient's abdominal aorta gives a diameter of 6.5cm. the probable management of this patient would likely involve:
  • 20
    Demonstration of vein wall coaptation of the subclavian vein is best performed with:

  • 21
    The abdominal vessel that is most commonly compromised by compression of the median arcuate ligament of the diaphragm is the:
  • 22
    Which of the following is the term for a focal dilatation of an artery involving all three layers of the vessel wall that exceeds the normal diameter by more than 50%?
  • 23
    Patients with significant mesenteric artery obstructive disease generally have symptoms of:
  • 24
    Because of the abdominal pain associated with chronic mesenteric ischemia, patients often experience which of the following?
  • 25
    Which of the following patients would be suspected of fibromuscular dysplasia in the renal artery?
  • 26
    When viewing the abdominal aorta in transverse, which dimension provides the most accurate diameter measurement?

  • 27
    Popliteal aneurysms are associated with abdominal aortic aneurysms at about what rate?
  • 28
    In duplex assessment of the portal vein, flow is:
  • 29
    A patient with advanced chronic mesenteric ischemia will most likely be:
  • 30
    Where does the left sided IVC in a duplicate system typically terminate?

  • 31
    To evaluate blood flow within the splanchnic arteries, you should examine the following vessels:
  • 32
    What is a filter placement in the IVC designed to prevent?
  • 33
    Many patients feel abdominal pain in association with chronic mesenteric ischemia. When does this pain typically occur?
  • 34
    In which of the following patients would an abdominal aortic aneurysm most likely be found?
  • 35
    The abdominal artery that normally demonstrates higher diastolic flow postprandially is:
  • 36
    What is the external iliac vein a continuation of?
  • 37
    What should doppler waveforms obtained from the celiac, splenic, and hepatic arteries demonstrate?
  • 38
    During doppler evaluation of the abdominal aorta, two flow channels are noted. What is this finding most consistent with?
  • 39
    What landmark is used to determine the end of the common iliac artery and the beginning of the external iliac artery?
  • 40
    With a patient in a fasting state, what should the SMA exhibit?

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